Homeopathy in Italy
Dr. Necker, from Austria, settled in Naples and began practicing homeopathy in 1821. He converted Drs. Romani, Mauro, and deHoratiis.
The first journal, The Archivio della Medicina Omiopatico, was published in Lucca from 1827-30. The Organon was translated into Italian in 1824 by Bernardo Quaranta. Dr. Rubini of Naples used Camphor in 491 cases of cholera in 1855- saving all. The mortality rate for the homeopathic treatment was 8%, for the allopathic treatment 53%. The Camphor tincture became known as "Rubini's Camphor." Homeopathy declined after the unification of the country in 1870.
King lists two graduates from Italy who studied at US schools between 1850 and 1905. There are 46 homeopaths listed in the 1911 Directory.
After World War I, homeopathy came to a dead end. Homeopathy survived in a few areas of Italy thanks to single homeopaths, mainly in towns like Florence, Naples, Milan, and Rome. The revival of homeopathy only took place in the 1970s through students of Pierre Schmidt and by developing schools of homeopathy, such as the Free International University of Homeopathic Medicine (LUIMO).
A number of homeopathic pharmacies, mostly from France and Germany, also helped to spread homeopathy in Italy. By the end of the 1980s homeopathy has become quite well known among the general population.
The practice of homeopathy is restricted to MDs and veterinarians. There are some lay homeopaths, but they are not practicing legally. No formal registration of doctors as homeopaths exists, but the number is probably several thousand.
The LMHI helped the expansion of homeopathy when it organized two congresses: Rome (1980) and Capri (1996). Jacques Imberechts (Homoeopathia Europea), established different homeopathic groups and organized workshops in various Italian towns.
The largest organizations, that have several schools and associations each, are SIO (Societa Italiana di Omeopatia) and FIAMO (Federazione Italiana delle Associazioni e dei Medici Omeopati). There are many schools teaching homeopathy. Some are run by pharmacies like the French Dolisos and Boiron, or the German Heel, and others are privately run and independent. The three main "schools" are present: complex, pluralist, and classical.
Medicina Naturale is a journal that also deals with acupuncture and herbal medicine, and Il Medico omeopata, (published by FIAMO) is a classical homeopathic journal. The country is represented in the LMHI.