Homeopathy in Hungary

Homeopathy in Hungary

The thesis of Hahnemann in the 19th century had a great influence and was followed soon in Hungary as well. Joseph Mueller learned homeopathy from reading and came to Budapest in 1818. He was followed by George Forgo in 1820, and Joseph Bakody in 1831. Forgo translated the Organon into Hungarian in 1830.

The first 'Hungarian Society for Homoeopathics' was founded in 1865, which also issued a periodical on the subject. F. Hausmann in 1872 and J. Bakody in 1874 were appointed as professors in Homoeopathics. After the death of the latter, there were no followers in the country.

The spreading of Homoeopathy in the twentieth century was greatly hindered by the two World Wars. Nevertheless it was in Budapest (Hungary) where the Tenth International Congress of LMHI (Liga Medicorum Homöopathica internationalis) was organized in 1935 by G. Schimert.

The Hungarian public in general does not know much about Homoeopathy and it is only a rather small part of the medical staff that is aware of its pathology and therapeutics. The education of the subject is not introduced and studies can only be carried out individually in Hungary.

Since the work of D. Argenti, entitled 'Homöopathische Behandulung Verschiedener Krankheiten Pest 1860', there was no other textbook published in Hungary. An information material by G. Schimert written for physicians and entitled 'Allopathia-Homoeopathia' was published in 1928. Articles written by Hungarian physicians on the subject appeared in the 'Allgemeine Homoeopathische Zeitung', one of the oldest German printed periodicals, founded in 1832 and which is published in Heidelberg.

In 1911 there were 100 practitioners listed. The 1931 Directory listed only 10 practitioners. In 1948 homeopathy was banned. It was made legal again in 1991.

Between 1991 and 1997 the Hungarian Homeopathic Medical Association organized numerous courses and seminars, and some Hungarian doctors started to practice. In 1997 a law was passed regulating alternative medicines, and homeopathy was determined to be a "medical method of healing." Only MDs are allowed to practice. In 1995 there were 302 physicians using homeopathy. The country is represented in the LMHI.