Homeopathy in Argentina

Homeopathy in Argentina

The "liberator of Argentina," General San Martin, arrived from Spain in 1812. He carried a homeopathic medicine chest, now in the Museo Sanmartiniano de Mendoza. The first Argentine physician homeopath was Dr Guillermo Darrouzsin, in the mid 1880s. The Boletín Homeopático was the Argentine Hahnemannian Society magazine, from 1865 to 1875.

During the 1870 yellow fever epidemic, Dr Pierre Petit de Murat treated hundreds of people with homeopathy. Dr. Murat formed the Argentine Homeopathic Society in 1877, but homeopathy foundered and by 1931 there were only seven doctors and seven chemists.

The teaching and spread of Homoeopathy began in the year 1934 with the foundation of the 'Association Medica Homoeopathica Argentina', i.e., "The Homoeopathic Medical Association of Argentina."

The first Organon was printed in Argentina in 1967 using the 1927 Mexican translation of Romero. In the year 1971 Dr. Thomas P. Paschero, founder physician of the Association, founded "Escuela Medica Homoeopathica Argentina" i.e., "Argentina Homoeopathic Medical School."

Both these organizations conduct courses for medical graduates which last for three years. At first, the students are taught two subjects, i.e., the (i) Doctrine and (ii) Medicine. In the third year, the physicians are divided in groups of either students who are assisted by two instructors and they are given practical training in the Physicians Consulting Rooms where they treat patients once a week, four hours at a time.

From the first year on, the students become familiar with the use of the 'Repertory' which enables them to drive the knowledge of the comparative medicine. They also have courses for homoeopathic pharmacy.

The school also arranges for an intensive course of ten days once a year which is attended by the physicians of the interior of the country, and specially from abroad. Physicians from Brazil, Mexico, Venezuela, Uruguay and Colombia also attend the said course.

As Homoeopathy is not taught in the different schools of medicine of the country, the degree, "Homoeopathic Physician" is not recognized by the Government. Paradoxically, the homoeopathic medicines are permitted by the respective authorities and in Buenos Aires alone more than 400 pharmacies exhibit big sign-boards reading "Homoeopathy". Approximately 30 per cent of them have their own laboratories. About 14 laboratories in Buenos Aires prepare homoeopathic medicines.

In this country, Homoeopathy has a good standing and most of the physicians are Hahnemannian homoeopaths. At present there are more than 500 physicians practicing unified Homoeopathy.

As for the source of information, the country has two periodicals, namely: "Annales Homoeopatics Argentinos'and the 'Homoeopatia', Rio Bomba, 118 Buenos Aires, Argentina.

In Argentina, the homoeopathic remedies are duly accepted by the Ministry of Public Health and the pharmacies and the laboratories prepare and sell with any freedom their medicines under the same controls as those on general remedies.